Different unique ways are used in the lapidary techniques, and from such listed techniques, and the right lapidary equipment, gemstones are made and designed in the right form that we see and familiar in the market. You need to take your time to learn such techniques and become the best gem cutter. While different techniques cut such gemstones, and therefore in this article below looks at some of the techniques that you can use in cutting gem.
The first technique that we are going to look at is sawing. In this type of technique sink it uses a saw, this can be dangerous to the stone that is being handled, the saw itself, and the person cutting it. in this kind of gem sawing unique machine will have a well fitted saw that will be moving in a fast speed will have it's way drilling into any gemstone and this can be done on ways that the saw will be cutting its way into the system and therefore you need to use water or oil that is important in keeping the debris from the gemstone that is being handled clean and at the same time there a fewer chance of overheating which can be a risk to the damaging of the saw blade of the gem being cut. Various types of saws are used and with time, you can learn more about such saws.
Grinding is another form of lapidary technique that you need to know. With carbide wheels or diamond wheels, these kinds of wheels are important in the grinding of their way in making the gem to a form that is known as preform nature. And with this similar technique, you still need water and oil that is important for the benefit of making the gem clean and at the same time reducing the overheating mechanism of the whole process. The use of course diamond and silicon carbide is used in such a technique and lastly, you can use this to shape and sand the gems that have been cut.
The other technique that is used in the lapidary is the sanding options that you also need to learn. Even though this sanding technique can be almost similar to the grinding way of handling the gems, but in such a case you tend to fine abrasive and therefore can be beneficial in removing some of the occurring scratches that might have occurred when the gem had been exposed to the abrasive that was a course in the first process. There is much control in this method since you want to get a finer gem. In places that you are working on a round gem, you might use a special sanding called a belt sander tool that is important since it will help you in maintaining the round surfaces in the gem.
Lastly, you need to look at lapping. And this is done with one of the sides of a rotating lap which is a disk that is set to vibrate and therefore used in the making of flat surfaces in gems that you are making. To summarize, those are the techniques that you need in the making of the best looking gem. Get more here about lapidary equipment.